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日本新泻Akiha Ward文化中心/Akiha Ward Cultural Center建筑设计/文化建筑
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Akiha Ward文化中心位于日本新泻,是本州岛中北岸港市,地处新泻市著名的铁路工业区。文化中心是一座占地3000平方米的公共剧院,可容纳496人,是当地的文化孵化器。这里是当地文化艺术的象征,民众对这座文化中心一直满怀期待。这里之前是占地17000平方米的棒球场,景色很好,周围有停车场、住宅区和小山丘。

Chiaki Arai将建筑看作是一座融入自然的山丘,46个大小不一的椭圆形构成了建筑的平面布局和结构,盘旋上升的弧形轮廓,仿佛层层错落的梯田,自然的弧线不仅勾勒建筑的轮廓,还辐射到整个建筑景观中,包括停车场在内的占地全部成弧形,呼应周边轻缓起伏的山丘地带,以及间或散落在平地上的居民区,人们可以欣赏到周边的全景。建筑内部根据剧场功能而设置,环形的通道包裹了主厅,人们顺着通道可以到达剧院的各个空间,同时还可以透过窗外观景。

为了使平面布局更加简洁高效,Chiaki Arai将一些功能空间,如排练室、化妆间等用作入口大厅和后台通道。为了缝合球形外观和基地之间的空隙,混凝土结构墙体被不断地扭转,从而为室内空间带来意想不到的多层效果,这些具有结构功能的墙体不仅支撑了建筑,同时实现了强烈的室内风格。多层次的不规则造型,为穿行在其中的人们带来独特的空间体验,质朴无华的清水混凝土摒弃一切装饰和色彩,使建筑呈现出一种自然、纯粹的特质。楼梯、储物柜和座椅等细节采用清新的浅绿色,穿插跳跃在凸现多层结构的混凝土灰色空间中,带给人们视觉上的欣喜。主厅仿佛是半掩在山丘型建筑下的洞穴,剧场依旧延续清水混凝土的纯粹风格。Chiaki Arai对于剧场的音效做了特殊设计。

经过精密计算,混凝土墙成为最佳音效的接收器,Chiaki Arai的做法是把这些结构体看作是一张巨大的网,在混凝土的网洞上安置穿孔铝板,以加强音效。Chiaki Arai还巧妙地将照明与混凝土结构体结合起来,灯具隐藏在混凝土机构体预先留出的凹槽中,在灯光的照射下,这些结构体有的像陨石一般充满重量感,有的则轻如浮云,飘浮在空中。当演出开始时,在音效和灯光的共同作用下,整个剧院就像是一座在山丘中自然生长而成的神秘花园。


Sitting on a 17000m2 former baseball field, the structure, landscape and parking are organized along the arc of baseball field to evoke the site memory.The surrounding area is a residential district on a vast flatland with few small hills. Following some characteristics of some hills, the global formation of the building is terraced landscapes where people can mount and take in the panoramic view.

The planning has been developed through workshops with the locals. Several rooms and functions were added in response to their requests. From the competition phase, countless transformations changed the building outline from a precise circle to a distorted circular form composed of 46 different arcs.

The planning diagram is stratified in the order of exterior corridor, entrance lobby, functional rooms, backstage corridor, the main hall. Due to the simple diagram, several functional rooms such as practice rooms and dressing rooms can be used from both entrance lobby and backstage corridor. This improves operational availability. To accommodate the gap between the global formation and the planning based on the workshop, the structural concrete walls are bent and twisted to reach the balanced support points of the roof slabs.

The main hall is like a concrete cave under a hill. The structural element itself works as acoustic reflectors which give extraordinary acoustics by the force of its high specific gravity. The heavy solid wall and ceiling can reflect the lower sound ranges which conventional wall materials absorb. This provides us with special experiences which makes you feel as if you were at the concert in a natural cave, and not in a building.To optimize the acoustic effect, the concrete structure is perforated like a net, and the porous aluminum sheets are installed in the holes as acoustic absorbent. Interior finish of the concrete structure of the hall is fully-dabbed for sound diffusion. With the lighting effects, the solid concrete looks sometimes massive, sometimes weightless, and implies warmth of human hands.
技术经济指标:
设计机构/Architects: Chiaki Arai Urban and Architecture Design
位置/Location: 4 Shineicho, Akiha Ward, Niigata, Japan
面积/Area: 2997.0 sqm
日期/Year: 2013
摄影/Photographs: Taisuke Ogawa




Design Team: Chiaki Arai ,Ryoichi Yoshizaki, Tomonori Niimi, Akira Sogo
Structural Engineer: TIS&PARTNERS Co., Ltd.
Engineer And Air Condition: Sogo Consultans
Acoustical Consultant: Nagata Acoustics
Theater Consultant: Theatre Workshop
Interior: Chiaki Arai Urban and Architecture Design
Landscape: Chiaki Arai Urban and Architecture Design
Contractor: Taisei and Shinko and Tanaka joint venture
Electrical Services: Sakaden and Yae and Saito joint venture
Air Conditioning: Niigata Kogyo Co.,Ltd.
Sanitary Services: Nisshin Kogyo Co.,Ltd.
Gas Services: Echigotennen Gas Co.,Ltd. Niigata branch
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